File powder

Pronounced: FEE-lay, fih-LAY

The powdered leaves of the sassafras tree. When ground, file powder smells like eucalyptus or juicy fruit gum. File powder is a necessary ingredient for Cajun cuisine, especially Gumbo. In addition to contributing an unusual flavor, the powder also acts as a thickener when added to liquid. Long before the use of file powder for Creole and Cajun cooking, Choctaw Indians pounded sassafras leaves into powder and added them to soups and stews.


File powder


available year-round

How to select

Available in the spice or gourmet food aisle.

How to store

Store in a cool, dark place for no more than 6 months.

How to prepare

Stir into a dish after it's removed from the heat because undue cooking makes file tough and stringy.

Popular File powder Recipes