“America's Test Kitchen”
1hr 15mins

Ingredients Nutrition


  1. Adjust an oven rack to the upper-middle position and preheat oven to 400°.
  2. Line a baking sheet with parchment paper or spray generously with vegetable oil spray.
  3. Whisk the flours, sugar, baking soda, cream of tartar, and salt together in a large bowl.
  4. Work 2 tablespoons of the butter into the dry ingredients with a fork until the texture resembles coarse crumbs.
  5. Stir in the buttermilk (and raisins, if using) with a fork just until the dough begins to come together.
  6. Turn out onto a lightly floured counter.
  7. Knead just until the dough becomes cohesive and bumpy; about 30 seconds (do not knead until smooth).
  8. Pat the dough into a 6-inch round about 2 inches thick.
  9. Place on the prepared baking sheet.
  10. Cut an X into the top of the loaf using a serrated knife or clean razor blade.
  11. Bake until the loaf is golden brown and a skewer inserted into the center comes out with just a few crumbs attached, about 40 to 45 minutes.
  12. Remove the loaf from the oven and transfer to a wire rack.
  13. Melt the remaining 1 tablespoon butter and brush over the top.
  14. Let the loaf cool for 1 hour.

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